Dandruff, also known as scruff, is due to excessive shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. It is quite normal for the skin cells of the scalp to die and flake off. A normal quantity of skin flaking is quite natural, but when the flaking becomes excessive due to some irritation or some skin allergy then it needs attention. There is no convincing reason yet whether some foods like sugar or yeast or excessive perspiration can cause or increase dandruff. If you have some fungal infection, that can cause dandruff or flaking of the skin. Another cause of dandruff could be cold weather, cold weather makes the skin dry and causes it to flake and shed which in turn causes dandruff. Some kind of food allergy can also be a cause of dandruff. Even nutritional deficiency can be one of the major causes of dandruff. Deficiency of B-complex vitamins or omega 3 fatty acids and other such vitamins can also cause flaking of the skin. Excessive use of hair gels, hair sprays or other chemicals such as hair coloring chemicals can also cause roughness of the scalp and cause it to shed skin.
How to get rid of dandruff? There are a lot of ways to treat dandruff. It can be controlled and prevented from increasing. Dandruff cure could be categorized as follows:
External dandruff treatment: External treatment includes using anti-dandruff shampoos or using anti-fungal shampoos. Even massaging the scalp with certain specific oils can help reduce the flaking of the scalp.
Nutritional dandruff treatment: Nutritional treatment includes eating good nutritious food. An intake of lot of liquids to keep your skin supple helps. Eating a lot of fruits and juices and eating a balanced diet helps in avoiding the occurrence of dandruff. Take a proper sleep of 7-8 hours. All the above methods help in treating dandruff to some extent. Having food rich in B-complex would also help. Avoiding excess of salt, sugar and alcohol also helps.
Relaxation dandruff treatment: Treatments like meditation and yoga help the body and mind to relax which in turn leads to reduction of stress. By reducing stress also we could control the skin from flaking.
Allopathic dandruff treatment: Then there are certain allopathic treatments for the cure of dandruff. By consulting a skin specialist or a physician you could take certain oral medicines and drugs which could help treat dandruff.
Naturopathy dandruff treatments: Various home made natural treatments are available for curing dandruff. These can be easily done at home and help keep dandruff at bay when done at regular intervals.